Explore The Island of Kos!
Sandy beaches, turquoise waters, lush vegetation, ancient and medieval monuments, tree-lined wide roads, large squares, parks, a superb city plan and an extensive bicycle routes are the distinctive characteristics of the third largest island of the Dodecanese, Kos!
The island’s trademark is its medieval castle (Nerantziá Castle) situated at the entrance of the port. Wander along the impressive avenue with the Palm Trees, or stroll around famous squares like Platánou Square and Elefthería Square and admire legendary buildings, remains of the Italian rule.
Interested in history? Don’t forget to visit the ancient city of Kos and observe important archaeological findings dating back to the 4th century. Did you actually know that you can sit under the plane tree where Hippocrates himself, the Father of Medicine, used to teach his students and examine his patients? The plane tree must be over 2,500 years old, and actually is the oldest in Europe!
Don’t miss the 4th century Asclipiion, the Antimáhia 15th century castle with its imposing battle tower, as well as one of the most scenic villages of Kos with distinctive traditional character, Ziá nestled amongst a dense cedar forest.
The island complex of Dodecanese in south-eastern Aegean is the sunniest corner in Greece. Twelve large islands and numerous smaller ones with crystal clear waters, sandy or pebbly beaches, important archaeological findings, imposing Byzantine and medieval monuments and unique traditional settlements are waiting for you to be discovered.
If you are desperately seeking to discover less known, unspoiled destinations visit Leros or Pserimos. But there is always Rhodes, Kos and Kalymnos, larger and more cosmopolitan islands awaiting to offer you strong, and treasured memories. Just take your pick!
The islands are the main characteristic of Greece’s morphology and an integral part of the country’s culture and tradition. Greek sovereign land includes 6,000 islands and islets scattered in the Aegean and Ionian Seas, of which only 227 islands are inhabited. This is a truly unique phenomenon for the European continent.
The Greek Archipelago takes up 7,500 km of the country’s total 16,000 km coastline, offering a highly diversified landscape: beaches stretching over many kilometers, sheltered bays and coves, sandy beaches with sand-dunes, pebble beaches, coastal caves with steep rocks and dark colored sand typical of volcanic soil and coastal wetlands.
Many of these Greek beaches have been awarded with the blue flag under the Blue Flags of Europe Program, providing not only swimming, but also scuba diving, snorkeling, water skiing, sailing and windsurfing.
Some of the oldest European civilizations have been developed on the Greek islands (Cycladic, Minoan civilizations, etc.), so therefore the islands have unique archeological sites, distinctive architectural heritage and the fascinating local traditions of an old-centuries and multifaceted civilization.
The ideal climate, safe waters and small distances between ports and coasts, have made the Greek islands extremely popular among Greek and foreign visitors.
WHAT TO SEE
Definitely visit the Asclepeion! It is situated about 4 km southeast of the town, built upon a hill with stone pipes. In this temple, in ancient years health and art were idolized. Asclepeion goes back to the 4th BC and consists of three consecutive rooms that connect to one another with elaborate external staircases. In the first room, you will see propylaea, the altars and the arches of Roman descent, where the faithful ones used to put their holy offers. On the east side of this room, you will find the ancient Roman public baths. Behind the baths, the museum of Asclepius is situtated.
Going up to the second roof, you will see the sanctuary of Apollo Kyparissios. On the west side, you will see the first temple of Asclepius where the treasure of Apollo was discovered among other things included the mythic treasures of Queen Kleopatra. In the third and final chamber, you come across places where they used to keep patients who were in the stage of recuperation, while at the center of the roof an additional temple of Asclepius exists even today built according to the Doric order.
The Gate to the Market is situated within the surrounded walls in the town of Kos. There, you will see five Orthodox churches and the castle whose construction dates back from around 1390. The impressive thing about this castle is its completion of all kinds of archeological stones and marbles were put into use.
Don’t miss the Tree of Hippocrates! If you happen to walk on the bridge that links the castle to the square of loggias you will meet the Pine tree of Hippocrates, the oldest tree in Europe, which is 2.500 years old. According to this tradition, under the shadow of this tree, the father of Medicine used to teach his pupils. In the south of the pine tree you will find a series of ancient buildings and constructions which go back to the Hellenistic and Roman era. You will be drawn by Nymphaeum, the famous public toilets. The impressive fact about this building is the pillars; all of them made from white marble. Near Nymphaeum, you will see the ruins of the ancient gym in Kos, the so-called Scratch. Out of the 81 columns in total encircle the building, 17 of them have been restored up to now.
Casa Romana in ancient Agora is a building of Pompeian type built upon the foundations of construction from the Hellenistic period. This building has yards with no roofs and their basic purpose was to shed light and clean air in the surrounding rooms.
Don’t forget to visit the center of the town, at Eleutheria Square and the archeological museum of the island housed in a splendid building. Its main exhibits are statues that came to the surface after the devastating earthquake in 1933.
The Knights’ Castle is built on the right side of the port and is the most imposing monument of Venetian.It was constructed in the 15th century but its completion took place during the 16th century. It is still kept in a very good condition and constitutes a classic piece of imposing defense for its era; it consists of a double wall and a moat.